Historically Black Colleges and Universities

HBCU Facts

  • Approximately 102 HBCUs
  • Current enrollments over 270,000 students
  • Existing number of graduates from HBCUs approaches 2 million
    • Occupy high positions in Fortune 500 companies
    • Dominate a presence of African Americans in the legal and medical professions
    • Consist of the largest number of African American architects, engineers, and educators within theU.S.
  • 52 HBCUs
    • Have active football teams
    • Over 1800 players across teams
  • College Athletic Conferences
    • SWAC (Southwestern Athletic Conference)
    • SIAC (Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference)
    • MEAC (Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference)
    • CIAA (Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association)
  • First African American College Football Game occurred in 1892 betweenBiddleCollege and Livingstone
  • Prior to Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954, HBCU football provided the only opportunity for African American men to play college football.

Sources: HBCU Network.com, U.S. Dept. of Education, and Onnidan.com

HBCU Classic Games

  • Multi-Million Dollar Industry
  • Generates revenue for participating schools and host cities
  • Key Games
    • Bank of America Atlanta Football Classic (Tennessee State vs. FloridaA & M)
      • Held at the Georgia Dome
      • Attracts 150,000 (70,000 attend game, 80,000 participate in other events)
      • Generated $35 million in hotels, restaurants, special events)
      • Since 1996, generated $8 million for two schools
    • State Farm Bayou Classic 2006 –New Orleans
      • Southern vs.GramblingState
      • One of the most popular
      • Aired on NBC 11-25-06
  • Types
    • Traditional Rivalries (i.e. Tennessee State vs. Florida A & M)
    • Host School Plays Different Opponents (i.e. Bethune-Cookman plays in Gateway Classic inJacksonville,FL)
    • Different Teams invited to a Classic (i.e. NY Urban League at Meadowlands)

HBCU Demographics

  • Over 3 million fans per season attend home games involving HBCU football including the classics
  • Averages 275,000 attendees per week
    • Upscale
    • Professional
    • Highly educated
    • Average income may exceed $58,000
  • GameViewership
    • Race Percentage
      • African-American 97.4%
      • White 1.1%
      • Other 1.2%
      • Sex
        • Male 49.8%
        • Female 50.2%
        • Age
          • 18-24 41.4%
          • 25-34 20.8%
          • 35-49 15.1%
          • 50 and Older 10.8%

Source: Research study conducted by Smithmark in 2002

Additional Demographic Information

  • 87% some college education
  • 32% graduate school
  • 81% own their home
  • 68% have a checking, savings or money market account
  • Median Household Income is $58,000.

Source: Research study conducted by Smithmark in 2002

Sources: HBCU Network.com, U.S. Dept. of Education, and Onnidan.com

* World Population – Approx. 6.6B

* US Population – Approx. 301M

  • Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia– conducted a study on minority buying power – 9/05
    • Nation’s buying power (money left after taxes) grew from $4.3T in 1990 to $7.2T in 2000 with a projection of $9.1T in 2005, and $11.8T in 2010.
    • Combined buying power across African Americans, Asian Americans and Native Americans will exceed $1.7T in 2010
    • African American buying power is $761B in 2005, and will continue to $1T in 2010
    • Hispanic buying power in California for 2005 is estimated at $202.6B and to grow to $1.08T in 2010 across the nation.
    • Asian American buying power is projected at $397B in 2005 and to grow to $579B in 2010.
    • Native Americans buying power is estimated at $51.1B and to grow to $69.2B in 2010.

HBCU Background and History:

History of HBCUs: “Before the Civil War, higher education for African American students was virtually non-existent…It was the iniative of many blacks themselves, along with the support of the American Missionary Association (AMA) and the Freedmen’s Bureau, that was responsible for setting up private colleges and universities for the education of blacks….Between 1861 and 1870, the AMA founded seven black colleges and 13 normal (teaching) schools…[which] became the backbone of black higher education, producing African American leaders for generations to come.”

Source: http://www.ed.gov/about/inits/list/whhbcu/edlite-index.html

HBCU Quick Facts:

  • “Nine of the top ten colleges that graduate most of the African American students who go on to earn PH.D.’s are HBCUs.
  • More than 50 percent of the nation’s African American public school teachers and 70 percent of African American dentists and physicians earn degrees at HBCUs.
  • Over half of all African American professionals are graduates of HBCUs.”

Source: http://thinkhbcu.org/hbcu_facts.htm

  • Almost half of the current members of the Congressional Black Congress attended an HBCU:

Current Members of Congress –

U.S. Rep. Frank Balance Jr. (D-NC)- North Carolina Central University

U.S. Rep. Sanford Bishop (D-GA)- Morehouse College

U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown (D-FL)- Florida A&M University

U.S. Rep. James Clyburn (D-SC)- South Carolina State University

U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-MD)- Howard University U.S. Rep. Alcee Hastings

(D-FL)- FiskUniversity, Howard University and Florida A&M University

U.S. Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr.(D-IL)- North CarolinaA&T University

U.S. Rep. William Jefferson (D-LA)- Southern University

U.S. Rep. John Lewis (D-GA)- Fisk University

U.S. Rep. Kendrick Meek (D-FL)- Florida A&M University

U.S. Rep. Gregory Meeks (DNY)- Howard University

U.S. Rep. Major Owens (D-NY)- Morehouse College, Atlanta University

U.S. Rep. David Scott (D-GA)- Florida A&M University

U.S. Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS)- Tougaloo College, Jackson State University

U.S. Rep. Edolphus Towns (D-NY)-North CarolinaA&TUniversity

Source (http://www.unitednegrocollegefund.org)

Classic Football Games:

The classic’s mission is to support educational achievement, promote cultural excellence, while showcasing the spirit, energy and tradition of America’s historically black colleges and universities.

The Circle City Classic:

The Circle City Classic is a joint collaboration between Indiana Black Expo. Inc. and the Indiana Sports Corporation. Thenet proceeds from the Classic help fund scholarships and support youth initiatives for each organization. Since 1984, over 1 million dollars have been awarded to deserving Indiananatives who pursue higher education. It was Rev. Charles Williams vision not only to promote educational achievements, but also to create one of the most spectacular African American events in the country to showcase the economic spending power of African Americans. With assistance from the Lilly Endowment along with a host of volunteers, Indiana Black Expo and the Indiana Sports Corporation brought Rev. Charles William’s vision to a reality. The goal of the Classic is to honor the legacy of Rev. Charles Williams by continuing to provide opportunities for youth as well as supporting educational achievement and promoting cultural excellence in the community.

Source: http://www.circlecityclassic.com